A comparison of high vs standard tidal volumes in ventilator weaning for individuals with sub-acute spinal cord injuries: a site-specific randomized clinical trial.

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Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
Spinal Cord
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2016, vol. 54, issue March, pp 234-238
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STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled parallel group trial with single-blinded data analysis. OBJECTIVES: To determine the safety and efficacy of higher (20 ml kg(-1) ideal body weight (IBW)) vs standard (10 ml kg(-1) IBW) tidal volumes (Vt) for patients with sub-acute traumatic tetraplegia during ventilator weaning using a 14-day (minimum) weaning protocol. SETTING: United States regional spinal cord injury treatment center. METHODS: Thirty-three ventilator requiring inpatients were randomized to either the higher (Group 1) or the standard (Group 2) Vt protocol. Initially, all patients were ventilated at 10 ml kg(-1) IBW Vt and 5 cm H(2)O [corrected] of PEEP for 72 h. For Group 1, Vt was raised 100 ml kg(-1) until reaching target Vt of 20 ml kg(-1) IBW. Group 2 was maintained at Vt of 10 ml kg(-1) IBW. Plateau pressures were kept at or below 30 cm H(2)O. [corrected]. Safety outcomes included incidence of adverse events. RESULTS: Because of smaller than expected enrollment, evaluation of efficacy was not possible. Therefore, we report the safety outcomes of 33 study participants. The 16 patients in Group 1 and 17 patients in Group 2 were demographically similar at baseline, except for age. The average age was 39.3 years in Group 1 and 27.2 years in Group 2, (P=0.002). There was no difference in median days to wean: 14.5 days in Group 1 and 14 days in Group 2. The incidence of adverse pulmonary events was similar between groups. CONCLUSION: Higher tidal volumes can be safely utilized during weaning of patients with tetraplegia from mechanical ventilation using a 14-day weaning protocol.
Fenton JJ, Warner ML,, Lammertse D, Charlifue S,, Martinez L,, Dannels-McClure A,, Kreider S, Pretz C
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