Impact of minority status on functional outcome and community integration following traumatic brain injury

Short Title:
Impact of minority status on functional outcome and community integration following traumatic brain injury
Model System:
TBI
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
J32565.
Journal:
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
1996, vol. 11, issue 5, pp 40-57
Publication Website:
Abstract:
Article in a special issue dedicated to research findings from the National Institute of Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems (TBIMS). (See AN XJ32562 to XJ32568 for the articles.) This article describes a study that examined the impact of minority status on functional outcome and community integration following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Subjects were 586 patients with TBI admitted to one of four TBIMS centers between February 1989 and June 1995. More than half the sample was white (53.4%) and the remaining minorities were black (37.2%), Hispanic (7.3%), and Asian (2.0%). The Functional Independence Measure (FIM), Disability Rating Scale (DRS), and Community Integration Questionnaire (CIQ) were used to measure functional status at inpatient rehabilitation admission, discharge, and one year post injury. Results showed no differences between whites and minorities on FIM or DRS scores at acute rehabilitation discharge or on FIM scores at one year post injury. However, there were significant differences between whites and minorities on the CIQ total score and subscale scores for Social Integration and Productivity at one year.
Author(s):
Rosenthal, M.; Dijkers, M.; Harrison-Felix, C.; Nabors, N.; Witol, A. D.; Young, M. E.; Englander, J. S.
Author Address(es):

Some items may be available for document delivery from the National Rehabilitation Information Center. Make a note of the title and any accession number and contact NARIC at 800-346-2742 to request a copy. There is a charge for document delivery from the NARIC collection.