Northwest Regional Burn Model System

The University of Washington (UW) Regional Burn Center in Seattle, Washington is the site for the Northwest Regional Burn Model System (NWRBMS). This burn center is located at Harborview Medical Center, serving the people of the Pacific Northwest to include Washington, Alaska, Montana, and Idaho (WAMI region). Dr. Nicole Gibran is the Medical Director of the burn center which has maintained American Burn Association and American College of Surgeons Burn Center designation for many years. Harborview is a designated Level I General, Pediatric, and Rehabilitation Trauma Center institution. The NWRBMS (formerly the UW-Burn Injury Model System) has been a funded Burn Model System institution since 1993, initially under the direction of Dr. Loren Engrav. Dr. Gibran is the current project director of the NWRBMS, collaborating with team members, Dr. Peter Esselman, Dr. Shelley Wiechman, Dr. Kurt Johnson, Mr. Jeff Witzel, Dr. Mark Harniss, Ms. Cynthia Salzman, and Ms. Gretchen Carrougher.

Northwest Regional Burn Model System Publications

 

Title Author Journal Year
Pruritus in adult burn survivors: Postburn prevalence and risk factors associated with increased intensity Carrougher GJ, Martinez EM, McMullen KS, Fauerbach JA, Holavanahalli RK, Herndon DN, Wiechman SA, Engrav LH, Gibran NS Journal of Burn Care and Research 2013
Harborview burns -- 1974 to 2009 Engrav LH, Heimbach DM, Rivara FP, Kerr KF, Osler T, Pham TN, Sharar SR, Esselman PC, Bulger EM, Carrougher GJ, Honari S, Gibran NS PLoS ONE 2012
Functional genomics unique to week 20 post wounding in the deep cone/fat dome of the duroc/yorkshire porcine model of fibroproliferative scarring. Engrav, L.H.; Tuggle, C.K.; Kerr, K.F.; Zhu, K.Q.; Numhom, S.; Couture, O.P.; Beyer, R.P.; Hocking, A.M.; Carrougher, G.J.; Ramos, M.L.; Klein, M.B.; Gibran, N.S. PLoS One 2011
Spatial and temporal localization of the melanocortin 1 receptor and its ligand a-melanocyte-stimulating hormone during cutaneous wound repair. Muffley, L.A.; Zhu, K.Q.; Engrav, L.H.; Gibran, N.S.; Hocking, A.M. Journal of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry 2011
Functional and psychosocial outcomes of older adults after burn injury: results from a multicenter database of severe burn injury. Klein, M.B.; Lezotte, D.C.; Heltshe, S.; Fauerbach, J.; Holavanahalli, R.K.; Rivara, F.P.; Pham, T.; Engrav, L. Journal of Burn Care Research 2011
Functional and Psychosocial Outcomes of Older Adults After Burn Injury: Results From a Multicenter Database of Severe Burn Injury Klein, M, Lezotte, D, Heltshe S, Fauerbach J, Holavanahalli R, Rivara F, Pham T, Engrav, L Journal of Burn Care and Research 2011
Functional genomics unique to week 20 post wounding in the deep cone/fat dome of the Duroc/Yorkshire porcine model of fibroproliferative scarring Engrav LH, Tuggle CK, Kerr KF, Zhu KQ, Numhom S, Couture OP, Beyer RP, Hocking AM, Carrougher GJ, Ramos MLC, Klein MB, Gibran NS PLoS One 2011
Spatial and temporal localization of the melanocortin I receptor and its ligand a--melanocyte-stimulating hormone during cutaneous wound repair Muffley LA, Zhu KQ, Engrav LH, Gibran NS, Hocking AM Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 2011
Psychiatric diagnoses after hospitalization with work-related burn injuries in Washington state Anderson NJ, Bonauto DK, Adams D Journal of Burn Care and Research 2011
Growth curve trajectories of distress in burn patients Mason, S.T., Corry, N., Gould, N.F., Amoyal, N., Gabriel, V., Wiechman-Askay, S., Holavanahalli, R., Banks, S., Arceneaux, L., Fauerbach, J.A. Journal of Burn Care and Research 2010
12-Year within-wound study of the effectiveness of custom pressure garment therapy Engrav, L. H.; Heimbach, D. M.; Rivara, F. P.; Moore, M. L.; Wang, J.; Carrougher, G. J.; Costa, B.; Numhom, S.; Calderon, J.; Gibran, N. S. Burns 2010
Growth Curve Trajectories of Distress in Burn Patients Mason S., Corry N., Gould N., Amoyal N., Gabriel V., Wiechman A.S., Holavanahalli R., Banks S., Arceneaux L., Fauerbach, J. JOURNAL OF BURN CARE & RESEARCH 2010
Using Qmethodology to identify reasons for distress in burn survivors postdischarge Wiechman Askay S.; Stricklin, M.; Carrougher, G.J.; Patterson, D. R.; Klein, M. B.; Esselman, P. C.; Engrav, L. H. J Burn Care Res 2009
The beneficial effects of plasma exchange after severe burn injury Klein; M. B.; Edwards, J. A.; Kramer, C. B.; Nester, T.; Heimbach, D. M.; Gibran, N. S. J Burn Care Res 2009
Influence of comorbidities and age on outcome following burn injury in older adults Lundgren, R. S.; Kramer, C. B.; Rivara, F. P.; Wang, J.; Heimbach, D. M.; Gibran, N. S.; Klein, M. B. J Burn Care Res 2009
Virtual reality hypnosis Wiechman Askay, S., Patterson, D.R., Sharar, S. R. Contemp. Hypnosis 2009
Post-traumatic growth and spirituality in burn recovery Wiechman Askay, S., Magyar-Russel, G. International Review of Psychiatry 2009
The effect of virtual reality on pain and range of motion in adults with burn injuries Carrougher G.J., Hoffman H.G., Nakamura D., Lezotte D., Soltani M., Leahy L., Engrav L.H., Patterson D.R. Journal of Burn Care Research 2009
Pain management in patients with burn injuries Wiechman Askay, S., Patterson, D.R., Sharar, S.R., Mason, S., Faber, B. International Review of Psychiatry 2009
Effect of acute and chronic alcohol abuse on pain management in a trauma center Wiechman Askay, S., Bombardier, C.H., Patterson, D.R. Expert Rev Neurother 2009
Virtual reality hypnosis Askay, S.W.; Patterson, D.R.; Sharar, S.R. Contemporary Hypnosis 2009
The effect of virtual reality on pain and range of motion in adults with burn injuries Carrougher, G.; Hoffman, H.; Nakamura, D.; Lezotte, D.; Soltani, M.; Leahy, L.; Engrav, L.; Patterson, D. Journal of Burn Care and Research 2009
Pain management in patients with burn injuries Wiechman Askay S., Patterson D., Sharar S., Mason S., Faber, B. International Review of Psychiatry 2009
Post-traumatic growth and spirituality in burn recovery Wiechman Askay S., Magyar-Russel G. International Review of Psychiatry 2009
The Effect of Virtual Reality on Pain and Range of Motion in Adults with Burn Injuries Carrougher, G, Hoffman, H, Nakamura, D, Lezotte, D, Soltani, M, Leahy, L, Engrav, L, Patterson, D JOURNAL OF BURN CARE & RESEARCH 2009
Virtual reality hypnosis Wiechman Askay, S. Contemporary Hypnosis 2009
Acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder: A prospective study of prevalence, course and predictors in a sample with major burn injuries McKibben, J.; Bresnick, M. G.; Askay Wiechman, S. A.; Fauerbach, J. A. Journal of Burn Care Research 2008
Sleep onset insomnia symptoms during hospitalization for major burn injury predict chronic pain Smith, M. T.; Klick, B.; Kozachik, S.; Edwards, R. R.; Holavanahalli, R.; Wiechman, S.; Blakeney, P.; Lezotte, D.; Fauerbach, J. A. Pain 2008
The WeeFIM Instrument - A pediatric measure of functional independence to predict longitudinal recovery of pediatric burn patients Serghiou, M.H.; Rose, M.W.; Pidcock, F.S.; Esselman P.C.; Engrav, L.H.; Kowalske, K.J.; Lezotte, D.L. Developmental Neurorehabilitation 2008
Assault and substance abuse characterize burn injuries in homeless patients Kramer, C.B.; Gibran, N.S.; Heimbach, D.M.; Rivara, F.P.; Klein, M.B. J Burn Care Res 2008
Hospital costs associated with pediatric burn injury Klein, M. B.; Hollingworth, W.; Rivara, F. P.; Kramer, C. B.; Askay, S. W.; Heimbach, D. M.; Gibran, N. S. Journal of Burn Care & Research 2008
Pediatric palm contact burns: A ten-year review Scott, J. R.; Costa, B. A.; Gibran, N. S.; Engrav, L. H.; Heimbach, D. M.; Klein, M. B. Journal of Burn Care & Research 2008
Expression of collagen genes in the cones of skin in the Duroc/Yorkshire porcine model of fibroproliferative scarring porcine model of fibroproliferative scarring Zhu, K.Q.; Carrougher, G.J.; Couture, O.P.; Tuggle, C.K.; Gibran, N.S.; Engrav, L.H. J Burn Care Res 2008
Assets and liabilities of the Burn Model System data model: A comparison with the National Burn Registry. Lezotte, D.; Hills, R.; Heltshe, S.; Holavanahalli, R.; Klein, M.; Fauerbach, J.; Blakeney, P.; Engrav, L. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2007
Barriers to return to work after burn injuries. Esselman, P. C.; Wiechman Askay, S.; Carrougher, G.; Lezotte, D.; Holavanahalli, R. K.; Magyar-Russell, G.; Fauerbach, J. A.; Engrav, L. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2007
Time to school reentry following burn injury is quite short. Christiansen, M.; Carrougher, G. J.; Engrav, L. H.; Wiechman-Askay, S.; Kramer, C. B.; Gibran, N. S.; Klein, M.B. Journal of Burn Care and Research 2007
The microvasculature in cutaneous wound healing in the female red Duroc pig is similar to that in human hypertrophic scar and different from that in the female Yorkshire pig. Xie, Y.; Zhu, K. Q.; Deubner, H.; Emerson, D. A.; Carrougher, G. J.; Gibran, N. S.; Engrav, L.H. Journal of Burn Care and Research 2007
Hypertrophic scar, wound contraction and hyper-hypopigmentation Engrav, L.H.; Garner, W.L; Tredget, E.E. J Burn Care Res 2007
Factors influencing the efficacy of virtual realtiy distraction analgesia during postburn physical therapy: Preliminary results from 3 ongoing studies Sharar, S.R.; Carrougher, G.J.; Nakamura, D.; Hoffman, H.G.; Blough, D.K.; Patterson, D.R. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2007
Review of the female Duroc/Yorkshire pig model of human fibroproliferative scarring Zhu, K.Q.; Carrougher, G.J.; Gibran, N.S.; Isik, F.F.; Engrav, L.H. Wound Repair Regen 2007
An analysis of the long-distance transport of burn patients to a regional burn center Klein, M.B.; Nathens, A.B.; Emerson, D.; Heimbach, D.M.; Gibran, N.S. Journal of Burn Care & Research 2007
Burns as a result of assault: associated risk factors, injury characteristics, and outcomes Kaufman, M.S.; Graham, C.C.; Lezotte, D.; Fauerbach, J.A.; Gabriel, V.; Engrav, L.H.; Esselman, P. Journal of Burn Care & Research 2007
Extended time to wound closure is associated with increased risk of heterotopic ossification of the elbow Klein, MB.; Logsetty, S.; Costa, B.; Deters, L.; Rue, T.C.; Carrougher, G.J.; Pickens, M.; Engrav, L.H. Journal of Burn Care & Research 2007
Psychological distress after major burn injury Fauerbach, James A.; McKibben, Jodi; Bienvenu, O. Joseph; Magyar-Russell, Gina; Smoth, Michael T.; Holavanahalli, Radha; Patterson, David, R.; Wiechman, Shelley A.; Blakeney, Patricia; Lezotte, Dennis Psychosomatic Medicine 2007
Acute pain at discharge from hospitalization is a prospective predictor of long-term suicidal ideation after burn injury Edwards, R. R.; Magyar-Russell, G.; Thombs, B.; Smith, M. T.; Holavanahalli, R. K.; Patterson, D. R.; Blakeney, P.; Lezotte, C.; Haythornthwaite, J. A.; Fauerbach, J. A. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 2007
Barriers to return to work after burn injuries. Esselman, P.C.; Wiechman, S.A.; Carrougher, G.; Lezotte, D.; Holavanahalli, R.K.; Magyar-Russell, G.; Fauerbach, J.A.; Engrav, L. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2007
Burn rehabilitation: State of the science Esselman, Peter C.; Thombs, Brett D.; Magyar-Russell, Gina; Fauerbach, James A. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2006
Profile of patients lost to follow-up in the burn injury rehabilitation model systems' longitudinal database Holavanahalli, R. K.; Lezotte, D. C.; Hayes, M. P.; Minhajuddin, A.; Fauerbach, J. A.; Engrav, L. H.; Helm, P. A.; Kowalske, K. J. Journal of Burn Care & Research 2006
Histology of the thick scar on the female, red Duroc pig: final similarities to human hypertrophic scar. Harunari, N.; Zhu, K. Q.; Armendariz, R.T.; Deubner, H.; Muangman, P.; Carrougher, G. J.; Isik, F. F.; Gibran, N. S.; Engrav, L.H. Burns 2006
An outcome analysis of patients transferred to a regional burn center: transfer status does not impact survival Klein, M. B.; Nathens, A. B.; Heimbach, D. M.; Gibran, N.S Burns 2006
Adult campfire burns: Two avenues for prevention Klein, Matthew B.; Heimbach, David M.; Honari, Shari; Engrav, Loren H.; Gibran, Nicole S. Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation 2005
Social support correlates with survival in patients with massive burn injury Muangman, Pornprom; Sullivan, Stephen R.; Wiechman, Shelley; Bauer, Gregory; Honari, Shari; Heimbach, David M.; Engrav, Loren H.; Gibran, Nicole S. Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation 2005
Patterns of grease burn injury: Development of a classification system Klein, M.B.; Gibran, N.S.; Emerson, D.; Sullivan, S.R.; Honari, S.; Engrav, L.H.; Heimbach, D.M. Burns 2005
Substance P levels and neutral endopeptidase activity in acute burn wounds and hypertrophic scar Scott, J.R.; Muangman, P.R.; Tamura, R.N.; Zhu, K.Q.; Liang, Z.; Anthony, J.; Engrav, L.H.; Gibran, N.S. Plast Reconstr Surg 2005
Changes in VEGF and nitric oxide after deep dermal injury in the femal, red Duroc pig - Further similarities between female, Duroc scar and human hypertrophic scar Zhu, K.Q.; Engrav, L.H.; Armendariz, R.; Muangman, P.; Klein, M.B.; Carrougher, G.J.; Deubner, H.; Gibran, N.S. Burns 2005
The 2004 clinical research award. Burden of burn: A norm-based inquiry into the influence of burn size and distress on recovery of physical and psychosocial function Fauerbach, James A.; Lezotte, Dennis; Hills, Rebecca A.; Cromes, G. Fred; Kowalske, Karen; de Lateur, Barbara J.; Goodwin, Cleon W.; Blakeney, Patricia; Herndon, David N.; Wiechman, Shelley A.; Engrav, Loren H.; Patterson, David R. Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation 2005
Is supra-Baxter resuscitation in burn patients a new phenomenon Friedrich, J.B.; Sullivan, S.R.; Engrav, L.H.; Round, K.A.; Blayney, C.B.; Carrougher, G.J.; Heimbach, D.M.; Honari, S.; Klein, M.B.; Gibran, N.S. Burns 2004
Water-friendly virtual reality pain control during wound care Hoffman, H.G.; Patterson, D.R.; Magula, J.; Carrougher, G.J.; Zeltzer, K.; Dagadakis, S.; Sharar, S.R. Journal of Clinical Psychology 2004
Nerve quantification in female red Duroc pig (FRDP) scar compared to human hypertrophic scar Liang, Z.; Engrav, L.H.; Muangman, P.; Muffley, L.A.; Zhu, K.Q.; Carrougher, G.J.; Underwood, R.A.; Gibran, N.S. Burns 2004
"Opioid creep" is real and may be the cause of "fluid creep" Sullivan, S.R.; Friedrich, J.B.; Engrav, L.H.; Round, K.A.; Heimbach, D.M.; Heckbert, S.R.; Carrougher, G.J.; Lezotte, D.C.; Wiechman, S.A.; Honari, S.; Klein, M.B.; Gibran, N.S. Burns 2004
Further similarities between cutaneous scarring in the female, red Duroc pig and human hypertrophic scarring Zhu, K.Q.; Engrav, L.H.; Tamura, R.N.; Cole, J.A.; Muangman, P.; Carrougher, G.J.; Gibran, N.S. Burns 2004
Health outcomes for burn surviviors: A 2-year follow-up Williams, Rhonda; Doctor, Jason; Patterson, David; Gibran, Nicole Rehabilitation Psychology 2003
What is the prevalence of hypertrophic scarring following burns Bombaro, K.M.; Engrav, L.H.; Carrougher, G.J.; Wiechman, S.A.; Faucher, L.; Costa, B.A.; Heimbach, D.M.; Rivara, F.P.; Honari, S. Burns 2003
Impairment after burns: A two-center, prospective report Costa, B.A.; Engrav, L.H.; Holavanahalli, R.; Lezotte, D.C.; Patterson, D.R.; Kowalske, K.J.; Esselman, P.C. Burns 2003
Immersive virtual reality for reducing experimental ischemic pain Hoffman, H.G.; Garcia-Palacios, A.; Kapa, V.; Beecher, J.; Sharar, S.R. International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction 2003
The female, red Duroc pig as an animal model of hypertrophic scarring and the potential role of the cones of skin Zhu, K.; Engrav, L.; Gibran, N.; Cole, J.; Matsumura, H.; Piepkorn, M.; Isik, F.; Carrougher, G.J.; Muangman, P.M.; Yunusov, M.Y.; Yang, T.M. Burns 2003
Evaluation of a peer consultation program for burn inpatients: 2000 ABA paper Williams, Rhonda M.; Patterson, David R.; Schwenn, Clay; Day, Jeanette; Bartman, Mark; Engrav, Loren H. Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation 2002
Time off work and return to work rates after burns: Systematic review of the literature and a large two-center series Brych, S. B.; Engrav, L. H.; Rivara, F. P.; Ptacek, J. T.; Lezotte, D. C.; Esselman, P. C.; Kowalske, K. J.; Gibran, N. S. Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation 2001
Community integration after burn injuries Esselman, P. C.; Ptacek, J. T.; Kowalske, K.; Cromes, G. F.; deLateur, B. J.; Engrav, L. H. Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation 2001
Barriers to employment among working-aged patients with major burn injury Fauerbach, James A.; Engrav, Loren; Kowalske, Karen; Brych, Sabina; Bryant, Amy; Lawrence, John; Li, Guohua; Munster, Andrew; de Lateur, Barbara Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation 2001
Dexter: A tool to facilitate impairment ratings Moore, M. L.; Engrav, L. H.; Vedder, N. B.; Gibran, N. S.; Esselman, P.; Costa, B. A. Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation 2001
Rates, trends, and severity of depression after burn injuries Wiechman Askay, S.; Ptacek, J. T.; Patterson, D. R.; Gibran, N. S.; Engrav, L. E.; Heimbach, D. M. Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation 2001
Effectiveness of virtual reality-based pain control with multiple treatments Hoffman, H.G.; Patterson, D.R; Carrougher, G.J.; Sharar, S.R. The Clinical Journal of Pain 2001
The effectiveness of virtual reality pain control with multiple treatments of longer durations: A case study Hoffman, H.G.; Patterson, D.R.; Carrougher, G.J.; Nakamura, D.; Moore, M.; Garcia-Palacios, A.; Furness, T.A. International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction 2001
The 2000 clinical research award: Describing and predicting distress and satisfaction with life for burn survivors Patterson, D. R.; Ptacek, J. T.; Cromes, F.; Fauerbach, J. A.; Engrav, L. Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation 2000
Use of virtual reality for adjunctive treatment of adult burn pain during physical therapy: A controlled study Hoffman, H.G.; Patterson, D.R.; Carrougher, G.J. The Clinical Journal of Pain 2000
The 2000 Clinical Research Award. Describing and predicting distress and satisfaction with life for burn survivors. Patterson, D.R.; Ptacek, J.T.; Cromes, F.; Fauerbach, J.A.; Engrav, L. Journal of Burn Care Rehabilitation 2000
The quota system in burn rehabilitation Ehde, D. M.; Patterson, D. R.; Fordyce, W. E. Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation 1998