Resilience Following Traumatic Brain Injury: A Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Study

Short Title:
Model System:
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2016, vol. 97, issue 5, pp 708-713
Publication Website:
OBJECTIVE: To examine resilience at 3 months after traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of an ongoing observational cohort. SETTING: Five inpatient rehabilitation centers, with 3-month follow-up conducted primarily by telephone. PARTICIPANTS: Persons with TBI (N=160) enrolled in the resilience module of the TBI Model System study with 3-month follow-up completed. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale. RESULTS: Resilience scores were lower than those of the general population. A multivariable regression model, adjusting for other predictors, showed that higher education, absence of preinjury substance abuse, and less anxiety at follow-up were significantly related to greater resilience. CONCLUSIONS: Analysis suggests that lack of resilience may be an issue for some individuals after moderate to severe TBI. Identifying persons most likely at risk for low resilience may be useful in planning clinical interventions.
Kreutzer JS, Marwitz JH, Sima AP, Bergquist TF, Johnson-Greene D, Felix ER, Whiteneck GG, Dreer LE
Author Address(es):

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