Effect of Obesity on Motor Functional Outcome of Rehabilitating Traumatic Brain Injury Patients

Short Title:
Effect of Obesity on Motor Functional Outcome of Rehabilitating Traumatic Brain Injury Patients
Model System:
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2015, vol. 1, issue 0, pp EPub ahead of print
Publication Website:
Study examined the association between obesity and functional motor outcome of patients undergoing inpatient rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Data were obtained from the medical records of 761 subjects enrolled in the TBI Model Systems program who were admitted from January 2010 to September 2013. Inclusion criteria consisted of age of 18 years or older and an abnormal Functional Independence Measure (FIM) motor score. Body mass index (BMI) was used to determine obesity in the study population. Patients with a body mass index of 30 kilograms per meter squared or greater were considered obese. A total of 372 subjects met the criteria for inclusion in the study. Of these, 54 (13.2 percent) were obese. Both obese and non-obese patients showed similar improvement in FIM motor score (mean 30.4 for the obese patients, and 27.3 for the non-obese patients). The mean FIM motor scores at discharge for the obese and non-obese patients were 63.0 and 62.3, respectively. The findings suggest that obesity had no adverse impact on motor functional outcomes of the TBI patients who underwent inpatient rehabilitation. Therefore, obesity should not be considered an obstacle in inpatient rehabilitation after TBI, if patients are able to participate in necessary therapy.
Tulsky, D. Kisala, P. Kalpakjian, C. Bombardier, C. Pohlig, R. Heinemann, A. Carle, A. Choi, S.
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