Measuring enfranchisement: Importance of and control over participation by people with disabilities

Short Title:
Measuring enfranchisement: Importance of and control over participation by people with disabilities
Model System:
TBI
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
J67495
Journal:
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2014, vol. 1, issue 93, pp 775-781
Publication Website:
Abstract:
Study evaluated the psychometric properties and validity of an expanded set of community enfranchisement items that are suitable for computer adaptive testing. Enfranchisement is a complex construct reflecting individuals’ assessment of whether they perceive that the communities in which they want to participate respect their full participation. Data were obtained from 1,163 individuals with disabilities recruited from multiple sources, including an online panel generation company, former rehabilitation inpatients, disability community organizations, a registry of rehabilitation patients, and Traumatic Brain Injury and Spinal Cord Injury Model Systems facilities. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of the 48 enfranchisement items suggested 2 distinct subsets of items: (1) importance of participation and (2) control over participation. Principal components analysis of the residuals suggested that the 2 item sets are unidimensional. Rating scale analysis provided evidence that the 2 item sets fit the Rasch model. Importance and control were moderately correlated with each other and with disability severity. The findings indicate that importance of participation and control over participation define 2 distinct sets of participation enfranchisement that can be measured reliably and the preliminary evidence supports their validity.
Author(s):
Heinemann, A. W., Magasi, S., Bode, R. K., Hammel, J., Whiteneck, G. G., Bogner, J., & Corrigan, J.
Author Address(es):
Participating Centers:

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