Return to driving within 5 years of moderate-severe traumatic brain injury

Short Title:
Model System:
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
Brain Injury
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2010, vol. 24, issue 3, pp 464-471
Publication Website:
Primary objective: To examine return to driving and variables associated with that activity in a longitudinal database. Research design: Retrospective analysis of a large, national database. Methods and procedures: The sample was comprised of people with predominantly moderate–severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) enrolled in the TBI Model System national database at 16 centres and followed at 1 (n¼5942), 2 (n¼4628) and 5 (n¼2324) years after injury. Main outcomes and results: Respondents were classified as driving or not driving at each follow-up interval. Five years after injury, half the sample had returned to driving. Those with less severe injuries were quicker to return to driving, but, by 5 years, severity was not a factor. Those who were driving expressed a higher life satisfaction. Functional status at rehabilitation discharge, age at injury, race, pre-injury residence, pre-injury employment status and education level were associated with the odds of a person driving. Conclusions: Half of those with a moderate–severe TBI return to driving within 5 years and most of those within 1 year of injury. Driving is associated with increased life satisfaction. There are multiple factors that contribute to return to driving that do not relate to actual driving ability.
Novack T. A, Labbe D., Grote M., Carlson N., Sherer M., Arango-Lasprilla J. C., Bushnik T., Cifu D., Powell J. M., Ripley. D., & Seel R. T.
Author Address(es):

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