A multicenter study on the clinical utility of post-traumatic amnesia duration in predicting global outcome after moderate-severe traumatic brain injury

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Model System:
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Journal Article
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Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2010, vol. 81, issue 1, pp 87-89
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Background: Past research shows that post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) duration is a particularly robust traumatic brain injury (TBI) outcome predictor, but low specificity limits its clinical utility. Objectives: The current study assessed the relationship between PTA duration and probability thresholds for Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) levels. Methods: Data were prospectively collected in this multicentre observational study. The cohort was a consecutive sample of rehabilitation patients enrolled in the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research funded TBI Model Systems (n=1332) that had documented finite PTA duration greater than 24 h, and 1-year and 2-year GOS. Results: The cohort had proportionally more Good Recovery (44% vs 39%) and less Severe Disability (19% vs 23%) at year 2 than at year 1. Longer PTA resulted in an incremental decline in probability of Good Recovery and a corresponding increase in probability of Severe Disability. When PTA ended within 4 weeks, Severe Disability was unlikely (,15% chance) at year 1, and Good Recovery was the most likely GOS at year 2. When PTA lasted beyond 8 weeks, Good Recovery was highly unlikely (,10% chance) at year 1, and Severe Disability was equal to or more likely than Moderate Disability at year 2. Conclusions: Two PTA durations, 4 weeks and 8 weeks, emerged as particularly salient GOS probability thresholds that may aid prognostication after TBI.
Walker W.C., Ketchum J.M., Marwitz J.H., Chen T., Hammond F., Sherer M., Meythaler J.
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