Effects of family and caregiver psychosocial functioning on outcomes in persons with traumatic brain injury

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Model System:
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2011, vol. 26, issue 1, pp 20-29
Publication Website:
Study examined whether caregiver/family status can predict the well-being of individuals with brain injury and whether perceived social support to caregivers moderates their well-being. Participants were 109 pairs of adults, consisting of a caregiver and an individual with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Participants completed the following outcome measures: Brief Symptom Inventory-18, Satisfaction With Life Scale; Disability Rating Scale; Social Provision Scale, Family Assessment Device, Disability Rating Scale, and an index of the neuropsychological functioning of the person with TBI. Canonical correlation indicated the presence of a relationship between well-being in TBI and caregiver participants. Two canonical variates accounted for 47.5 percent variance. Poor psychological well-being among subjects with TBI was associated with poor caregiver perceived social support and poor familial behavioral control. Individuals with high disability also had caregivers with poorer psychological well-being. In post hoc multiple regressions, caregiver/family psychosocial characteristics added unique prediction of outcome for individuals with TBI. Hierarchical multiple regressions provided evidence that social support of caregivers moderates outcome status for individuals with TBI.
Vangel, S.J.Jr., Rapport, L.J., Hanks, R.A.
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