Predictors of family caregivers' life satisfaction after traumatic brain injury at one and two years post-injury: A longitudinal multi-center investigation

Short Title:
Model System:
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2010, vol. 27, issue , pp 73-81
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Study identified predictors of family caregiver life satisfaction at one and two years after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Participants were 336 family members caring for patients with TBI participating in the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) TBI Model Systems of Care (TBIMS). Demographic, medical, psychosocial, and neurobehavioral data on each patient were obtained from the TBIMS database. Follow-up interviews were completed with patients and family caregivers at 1 year and 2 years post injury. The primary outcome variable, caregiver life satisfaction, was measured with the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Results showed that a substantial number (40 percent) of family members caring for an individual 2 years or less after brain injury reported dissatisfaction with life. Repeated measures ordinal logistic regression showed that patients’ functional status at discharge, drug use, and neurobehavioral problems were significant predictors of family caregivers’ life satisfaction at 1 and 2 years post injury.
Livingston, LA; Kennedy, RE; Marwitz, JH; Arango-Lasprilla, JC; Rapport, LJ; Bushnik, T; Gary, KW
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