A survey of very-long-term outcomes after traumatic brain injury among members of a population-based incident cohort
Journal of Neurotrauma
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2011, vol. 28, issue 2, pp 167-176
Study examined quality of life and barriers to participation in vocational and community life over the very-long term following traumatic brain injury (TBI). A survey was sent to 1,623 individuals identified as having experienced a confirmed TBI while a resident of Olmsted County, Minnesota, during the period from 1935 to 2000. The survey included elements of standardized instruments addressing health status and disability, and questions that assessed issues important to successful social reintegration after TBI. Of the 1,623 eligible participants who were sent surveys, 605 responded (37 percent response rate). Thirty-nine percent of respondents were female and 79 percent had mild injuries. Mean age at injury was 30.8 years, and mean years since injury was 28.8. Overall, respondents reported living in the community; the majority were married and had achieved education beyond high school. Problems with memory, thinking, and physical and emotional health were most often reported. Respondents reported low levels of depression and anxiety, and high levels of satisfaction with life. Seventy-three percent of respondents reported no problems that they attributed to their TBI. Increasing injury severity was associated with a significant risk of reporting injury-related problems at survey completion. Respondents with a longer time since injury were less likely to report any TBI-related problems. These results indicate that self-reported outcomes and adaptation to impairment-related limitations improve as the time since injury increases. The findings highlight the importance of providing coordinated medical rehabilitation and community-based support services to promote positive outcomes over the life span after TBI.
Brown, A, Moessner, A, Mandrekar, J, Diehl, N, Leibson, C, Malec, J
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