Functional and Psychosocial Outcomes of Older Adults After Burn Injury: Results From a Multicenter Database of Severe Burn Injury

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Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
Journal of Burn Care and Research
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2011, vol. 32, issue 1, pp 66-78
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Study examined the long-term functional and psychological outcomes of older adults after burn injury. The authors analyzed the outcomes of 737 patients aged 55 years or older who were enrolled and followed in the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research burn program. Change in living situation as well as distress, functional impairment, and quality of life were examined at discharge and at 6, 12, and 24 months after hospital discharge. Mixed effects modeling compared differences across age groups and time. Results indicated that patients in all age groups had significant deficits in Short Form-36, Functional Independence Measure, and Brief Symptom Inventory scores at time of discharge. Recovery of physical and psychosocial functioning was greatest from discharge to 6 months in patients aged 55 to 74 years and greatest at 1 year for patients aged 75 years or older. The findings confirm that severe burn injury significantly impacts both functional outcome and psychosocial quality of life in older adults. However, the impact seems to be elated to age as are recovery trajectories.
Klein, M, Lezotte, D, Heltshe S, Fauerbach J, Holavanahalli R, Rivara F, Pham T, Engrav, L
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