Structured interview to improve the reliability and psychometric integrity of the disability rating scale
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2012, vol. 93, issue 9, pp 1603-1608
Study developed the Disability Rating Scale-Postacute Interview (DRS-PI), a standardized interview for telephone administration; assessed the psychometric properties of this interview format; and identified additional items to reduce skew. Participants were 287 individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and 119 caregivers enrolled in the TBI Model Systems national database during 1- to 20-year telephone follow-up. Outcome measures were the original Disability Rating Scale (DRS) and DRS-PI variations. DRS-PI questions were developed by consensus of the study investigators; item scores were derived from responses to questions by algorithm. Unnecessary questions were pruned. The DRS-PI correlated highly with the original DRS (intraclass correlation = .91) and demonstrated satisfactory construct validity and internal consistency (person separation/reliability, 2.51/.86; item separation/reliability, 16.72/1.00; Cronbach’s alpha = .83). Both versions showed substantial skew. For the original DRS, 42 percent of scores were 0 or 1; for DRS-PI, 44 percent. Adding several items to the DRS-PI including actual employment status further improved its psychometric properties (person separation/reliability, 3.10/.91; item separation/reliability, 21.42/1.00; Cronbach’s alpha = .92) and reduced skew. For the Expanded DRS-PI, 18 percent of scores were 0 or 1. The DRS-PI provides an efficient method to ensure standardized administration of, and correlates highly with, the original DRS. The addition of several new items including actual employment status mitigates skew in postacute samples.
Malec JF, Hammond FM, Giacino JT, Whyte J, Wright J
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