Influence of sex and age on inpatient rehabilitation outcomes among older adults with traumatic brain injury
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2010, vol. 91, issue , pp 43-50
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of sex and age on inpatient rehabilitation outcomes in a large national sample of older adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI).<br /><br />
DESIGN: Prospective case series.<br /><br />
SETTING: Eight hundred forty-eight inpatient rehabilitation facilities that subscribe to the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation.<br /><br />
PARTICIPANTS: Patients (n=18,413) age 65 years and older admitted for inpatient rehabilitation after TBI from 2005 through 2007.<br /><br />
INTERVENTIONS: Ne. <br /><br />
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Rehabilitation length of stay, discharge FIM motor and cognitive ratings, discharge setting, and scheduled home health services at discharge.<br /><br />
RESULTS: Mean age +/- SD of the sample was 79+/-7 years, and 47% were women. In multivariable models, higher age was associated with shorter lengths of stay (P<.001), lower discharge FIM motor and cognitive ratings (P<.001), and greater odds of home health services at discharge (P<.001). Women demonstrated shorter lengths of stay (P=.006) and greater odds of being scheduled for home health services at discharge (P<.001) than men. The sex-by-age interaction term was not significant in any outcome model. Sex differences and trends were consistent across the entire age range of the sample.<br /><br />
CONCLUSIONS: Sex and age patterns in rehabilitation outcomes among older adults with TBI varied by outcome. The current findings related to rehabilitation length of stay may be helpful for facility-level resource planning. Additional studies are warranted to identify the factors associated with returning to home and to assess the long-term benefits of combined inpatient rehabilitation and home health services for older adults with TBI.
Graham, J.E.; Radice-Neumann, D.M.; Reistetter, T.A.; Hammond, F.M.; Dijkers, M.; Granger, C.V.
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