The relationship between employment-related self-efficacy and quality of life following traumatic brain injury

Short Title:
Model System:
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
Rehabilitation Psychology
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2009, vol. 54(3), issue , pp 299-305
Publication Website:
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the relative contribution of employment-related and general self-efficacy to perceptions of quality of life (QoL) for individuals with traumatic brain injury.<br /><br /> DESIGN: Correlational.<br /><br /> SETTING: Community-based research and training center.<br /><br /> PARTICIPANTS: 427 individuals with self-reported TBI under the age of 65 were included in analysis.<br /><br /> MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Employment-related self-efficacy, general self-efficacy, perceived quality of life (PQoL), unmet important needs (UIN).<br /><br /> RESULTS: Significant correlations were found between income, injury severity, age at injury, and employment and the QoL variables. In addition, employment-related and general self-efficacy correlated positively with both PQoL and UIN. Employment-related and general self-efficacy accounted for 16% of the variance in PQoL and 9.5% of the variance in UIN, over and above other variables traditionally associated with QoL.<br /><br /> CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the importance of including subjective appraisals of employment, such as perceived self-efficacy at the workplace, in assessing QoL and successful return to work following TBI.
Tsaousides, T.; Warshowsky, A.; Ashman, T.A.; Cantor, J.B.; Spielman, L.; Gordon, W.A.
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