Moderating factors in return to work and job stability after traumatic brain injury.
Journal of Head Trauma and Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2003, vol. 18, issue 2, pp 128-138
OBJECTIVE: To examine job stability moderating variables and develop a postinjury work stability prediction model.
DESIGN: Multicenter analysis of individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who returned for follow-up at 1, 2, and 3, or 4 years postinjury, were of working age (between 18 and 62 years of age at injury), and were working preinjury.
SETTING: Six National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research TBI Model System centers for coordinated acute and rehabilitation care.
PARTICIPANTS: A total of 186 adults with TBI were included in the study.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Job stability was categorized as stably employed (employed at all 3 follow-up intervals); unstably employed (employed at one or two of all three follow-up intervals); and unemployed (unemployed at all three follow-up intervals).
RESULTS: After injury, 34% were stably employed, 27% were unstably employed, and 39% were unemployed at all three follow-up intervals. Minority group members, people who did not complete high school, and unmarried people were more likely to be unemployed. Driving independence was highly influential and significantly related to employment stability. A discriminant function analysis, which included age, length of unconsciousness and Disability Rating Scale scores at 1 year postinjury, accurately predicted job stability groupings.
CONCLUSION: Data analysis provided evidence that employment stability is predictable with a combination of functional, demographic, and injury severity variables. Identification of people at risk for poor employment outcomes early on can facilitate rehabilitation planning and intervention.
Kreutzer, J. S.; Marwitz, J. H.; Walker, W.; Sander, A.; Sherer, M.; Bogner, J.; Fraser, R.; Bushnik, T.
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