Masculine role variables and outcomes among men with spinal cord injury

Short Title:
Model System:
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
Disability & Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2007, vol. 29, issue , pp 625-633
Publication Website:
Purpose. Few studies have considered the impact of masculine role variables on outcome and adjustment to SCI among men. The present study examined the relations among SCI, views of masculinity, psychological adjustment, and rehabilitation outcomes among men with SCI. Method. The sample included 20 men with SCI receiving inpatient rehabilitation, with a mean age of 45 years. Data included demographic variables as well as Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory (CMNI), Gender Role Conflict Scale (GRCS), Functional Independence Measure (FIM), and Satisfaction with Life Scale ratings, and change in marital status. Results. The findings revealed that satisfaction with life was positively related to scores on the CMNI Violence scale, FIM change from admission to discharge was positively related to the CMNI Emotional Control scale and negatively related to the CMNI Dominance scale. Change in marital status was inversely related to the CMNI Emotional Control and Primacy of Work scales and the GRCS Restricted Emotionality and Power, Success, and Competition scales. Conclusions. The findings show that certain aspects of the traditional masculine role (i.e., ability to modulate strong emotions) may be adaptive in the rehabilitation process, whereas other aspects (i.e., a dominant interpersonal style) may present a barrier to effective rehabilitation.
Schopp, L.H.; Good, G.E.; Barker, K.B.; Mazurek, M.O.; Hathaway, S.L.
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