Cognitive estimation in traumatic brain injury

Short Title:
Cognitive estimation in traumatic brain injury
Model System:
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
J Int Neuropsychol Soc
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2007, vol. 13, issue 5, pp 898-902
Publication Website:
The present study explores the construct and ecological validity of the Biber Cognitive Estimation Test (BCET) in a traumatic brain injury (TBI) sample. Participants completed the BCET in the course of a neuropsychological evaluation at 1-15 years after injury. BCET scores correlated moderately with other standard measures of executive functioning, and contrary to our hypotheses, at least as high with neuropsychological tests with minimal demands on executive functioning. Moreover, partialing out the portion of BCET variance not attributable to executive functioning markedly attenuated the former correlations. With respect to ecological validity, BCET scores did not predict concurrent functional status, as measured by the Disability Rating Scale. By comparison, standard measures of executive functioning strongly correlated with each other, correlated less strongly with nonexecutive functioning measures, and predicted functional status. In conclusion, unlike standard measures of executive functioning, the BCET demonstrated poor construct and ecological validity in TBI patients.
Silverberg, N. D.; Hanks, R. A.; McKay, C.
Author Address(es):
Department of Psychology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada.

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