Hospital costs associated with pediatric burn injury

Short Title:
Hospital costs associated with pediatric burn injury
Model System:
Burn
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
Journal:
Journal of Burn Care & Research
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2008, vol. 29, issue 4, pp 632-637
Publication Website:
Abstract:
Modern burn care is a resource intensive endeavor requiring specialized equipment, personnel, and facilities in order to provide optimum care. The costs associated with burn injury to both patients and society as a whole can be multifaceted and large. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between hospital costs, patient characteristics, and injury factors in a cohort of pediatric patients admitted to a regional burn center. We performed a review of the hospital charges accrued by pediatric patients (age <16 years) admitted to our burn center from 1994 to 2004 and explored the relationship between baseline patient, injury and hospital course characteristics and total costs. Hospital charges were converted to 2005 dollar costs using an inflation index and a cost to charge ratio. Univariate and multivariate regressions were performed to identify the factors most significantly associated with cost. In addition, we performed a subset cost analysis for patients with burns more than 20% TBSA. A total of 1443 pediatric patients (age <16) were admitted to our burn center during the study period. The overall mean hospital cost in 2005 dollars was dollars 9026 (SD = dollars 25,483; median = dollars 2138). Area of full thickness burn was the only patient or injury factor significantly associated with greater hospital costs (P < .05) on multivariate analysis. No single anatomic area was associated with increased hospital costs when adjusted for total overall burn size. Injury severity was the most significant factor impacting index hospitalization costs following pediatric burn injury. Further studies defining the long-term societal costs impact of burn injury are needed as are studies that evaluate the impact of burn injury on quality of life.
Author(s):
Klein, M. B.; Hollingworth, W.; Rivara, F. P.; Kramer, C. B.; Askay, S. W.; Heimbach, D. M.; Gibran, N. S.
Author Address(es):
Burn Center, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
Participating Centers:

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