"Opioid creep" is real and may be the cause of "fluid creep"

Short Title:
"Opioid creep" is real and may be the cause of "fluid creep"
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Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2004, vol. 30, issue 6, pp 583-590
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Recent studies have shown that burn patients receive larger volumes of fluids than predicted by the Baxter formula and the reason for this is unclear. One potential reason is that increased analgesics are used which couldblunt the response to fluid resuscitation. The purpose of this study was to compare the administration of opioid agonists in patients treated at a single burn center in the 1970s and in the year 2000. We performed a retrospective chart review comparing two matched cohorts. Group I consisted of 11 patients admitted between 1975 and 1978. Group II consisted of 11 patients admitted in 2000 matched for age, sex and %TBSA. Patients in Group II received a significantly higher mean opioid equivalent than those in Group I (26.5 ' 12.3 versus 3.9 ' 2.2 in the first 24 h, P < 0.001). In addition, in Group II, a larger variety and combination of opioid agonists were used. This review demonstrates a significant increase from the 1970s to 2000 in the type, dose prescribed and dose delivered of opioid agonists. Along with "fluid creep", we have also increased our use of opioid agonists or "opioid creep". Higher doses of opioid agonists may have hemodynamic consequences, which may contribute to the increased fluid volumes.
Sullivan, S.R.; Friedrich, J.B.; Engrav, L.H.; Round, K.A.; Heimbach, D.M.; Heckbert, S.R.; Carrougher, G.J.; Lezotte, D.C.; Wiechman, S.A.; Honari, S.; Klein, M.B.; Gibran, N.S.
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