Ethnic differences in rehabilitation placement and outcome after TBI

Short Title:
Ethnic differences in rehabilitation placement and outcome after TBI
Model System:
TBI
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
Journal:
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2007, vol. 22, issue 2, pp 113-121
Publication Website:
Abstract:
Objective: To determine whether race/ethnicity and proficiency with the English language influence access to rehabilitation services, and ultimately outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design: A retrospective correlational investigation. Setting and Participants: Postrehabilitation outpatients with blunt TBI. A total of 476 patients were examined 6 months postinjury, of which 109 (23%) were Hispanics, and of those 42 were predominantly Spanish speaking. Main Outcome Measures: Access to rehabilitation services, Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended. Results: Insurance, age, and injury severity had the greatest influence on receipt of rehabilitation services; however, higher rates of severe disability were found among Hispanics and Spanish speakers than non-Hispanic whites and non-Hispanic English speakers, respectively. Conclusions: Insurance status has a larger influence on receipt of rehabilitation services than ethnicity or proficiency with the English language, but language proficiency is a significant predictor of severe disability.
Author(s):
Marquez de la Plata, C.; Hewlitt, M.; de Oliveira, A.; Hudak, A.; Harper, C.; Shafi, S.; Diaz-Arrastia, R.
Author Address(es):
Carlos Marquez de la Plata, PhD, Department of Neurology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Dallas, TX 75390

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