Personality, coping, chronic stress, social support and PTSD symptoms among adult burn survivors: A path analysis

Short Title:
Personality, coping, chronic stress, social support and PTSD symptoms among adult burn survivors: A path analysis
Model System:
Burn
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
J46168.
Journal:
Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2003, vol. 24, issue 1, pp 63-72
Publication Website:
Abstract:
Study examined the effects of personality, coping strategies, chronic stress, and social support on the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following a severe burn injury. Path analyses were conducted to test a model of the relationship between the predictor variables and PTSD symptoms. Participants completed questionnaires measuring each of the variables while in the hospital; PTSD symptoms were measured during hospitalization and again at 1 month and 6 months after discharge. Of the five personality factors, only neuroticism showed a significant relationship with PTSD. At each time point, chronic stress and social support were associated with higher PTSD symptoms. Higher active coping was associated with higher PTSD. The best predictor of PTSD symptoms at 1 and 6 months was PTSD symptoms at hospitalization.
Author(s):
Lawrence, John W.; Fauerbach, James A.
Author Address(es):

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