A demographic profile of new traumatic spinal cord injuries: Change and stability over 30 years

Short Title:
A demographic profile of new traumatic spinal cord injuries: Change and stability over 30 years
Model System:
SCI
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
J46765
Journal:
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2004, vol. 85, issue 11, pp 1740-1748.
Publication Website:
Abstract:
Article presents an analysis of demographic and spinal cord injury (SCI) trends derived from data on newly injured individuals admitted to the Model Spinal Cord Injury Systems between 1973 and 2003. The database included records for 30,532 people who met the eligibility criteria at the time of the study. Variables included age, gender, race and ethnic group, year of injury, and level and extent of injury. Etiology of injury was categorized into 5 groups: motor vehicle collision, violence, falls, sports, and other. Demographic and injury severity trends were analyzed by decade of injury: 1973-1979, 1980-1989, 1990-1999, and 2000-2003. Over the study period, motor vehicle collision has been the most common cause of SCI, followed by falls, violence, sports, and other etiologies. Significantly increasing percentages of new injuries were seen for SCI due to automobile, motorcycle, bicycle, and all-terrain vehicle crashes; blunt object attacks; snow skiing; and medical and surgical mishaps.
Author(s):
Jackson, Amie B.; Dijkers, Marcel; DeVivo, Michael J.; Poczatek, Robert B.
Author Address(es):

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