Change and predictors of change in communication, cognition, and social function between 1 and 5 years after traumatic brain injury

Short Title:
Change and predictors of change in communication, cognition, and social function between 1 and 5 years after traumatic brain injury
Model System:
TBI
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
J48403.
Journal:
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2004, vol. 19, issue 4, pp 314-328
Publication Website:
Abstract:
Study examined changes in the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) cognitive scores from year 1 to year 5 after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Patients were assessed for the 5 component items of the FIM cognitive subscale: comprehension, expression, social interaction, problem solving, and memory. On the FIM cognitive total score, 26 percent of patients improved, 61 percent stayed the same, and 11 percent got worse. On the FIM communication items, 19 percent of patients improved, 68 percent stayed the same, and 13 percent worsened. On the memory and problem solving items, 34 percent of patients improved, 48 percent stayed the same, and 19 percent worsened. Several demographic and functional indicators predicted this improvement and worsening, some of which were available at the time of injury and most were present at 1 year after injury.
Author(s):
Hammond, Flora M.; Hart, Tessa; Bushnik, Tamara; Corrigan, John D.; Sasser, Howell
Author Address(es):

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