Gender-related differences in acute rehabilitation lengths of stay, charges, and functional outcomes for a matched sample with spinal cord injury: A multicenter investigation

Short Title:
Gender-related differences in acute rehabilitation lengths of stay, charges, and functional outcomes for a matched sample with spinal cord injury: A multicenter investigation
Model System:
SCI
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
J44667.
Journal:
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2001, vol. 82, issue 9, pp 1181-1187
Publication Website:
Abstract:
Study examines the effects of gender on length of stay (LOS), treatment costs, and outcomes for a sample of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI), matched for age, American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) motor impairment classification, and level of neurologic injury. Patients were assessed at acute care admission, inpatient rehabilitation admission, and inpatient rehabilitation discharge. Outcome measures included the ASIA motor index and Functional Independence Measure (FIM) admission, discharge, and efficiency scores; rehabilitation LOS and medical care charges; and discharge disposition. Analysis revealed no gender related differences in FIM motor scores on admission and discharge, or in the likelihood of discharge to an institutional setting. No differences were found for ASIA motor index scores or acute rehabilitation LOS or charges. Findings suggest that gender does not influence the functional outcome for SCI patients.
Author(s):
Greenwald, Brian D.; Seel, Ronald T.; Cifu, David X.; Shah, Anjali N.
Author Address(es):
Participating Centers:

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