Symptoms of post-traumatic stress: Intrusion and avoidance 6 and 12 months after TBI

Short Title:
Symptoms of post-traumatic stress: Intrusion and avoidance 6 and 12 months after TBI
Model System:
TBI
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
J51316.
Journal:
Brain Injury
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2006, vol. 20, issue 7, pp 733-742
Publication Website:
Abstract:
Article examines the development of posttraumatic stress (PTS) over time in patients with mild, moderate, and severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). The Impact of Event Scale (IES) was used to identify symptoms associated with 2 dimensions of PTS, avoidance reactions and intrusive thoughts, at 6 and 12 months after TBI. Analyses explored the association between injury and demographic characteristics and IES scores. Results showed that symptoms consistent with severe PTS increased from 11 percent at 6 months to 16 percent at 12 months post-injury. Symptoms increased over time when examined by race, injury intent, gender, and age. African-Americans and women reported greater symptoms than their male or Caucasian counterparts. TBI severity and recall of the event were not associated with PTS symptoms.
Author(s):
Greenspan, A.; Stringer, A. Y.; Hammond, F. M.; Phillips, V. L.; Goldstein, F.
Author Address(es):

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