Work status and attrition from longitudinal studies are influenced by psychiatric disorders

Short Title:
Work status and attrition from longitudinal studies are influenced by psychiatric disorders
Model System:
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
1998, vol. 19, issue 3, pp 247-252
Publication Website:
Study examines work status and psychiatric history in 95 patients before and after (4 months after and 12 months after) receiving burn injuries. Significant increases in risk of unemployment before burn injuries were associated with complex psychiatric comorbidity and substance abuse disorders that occurred before burn injuries; preburn substance abuse also affected unemployment rates at 4 months after the burn injury. Trends for higher unemployment rates at 12 months after discharge also were noted among those with a preburn history of complex psychiatric comorbidity and alcohol use, anxiety, or mood disorder. Preburn substance-use disorder increased the risk of attrition from the 12 month study; whereas those diagnosed at the time of discharge with post-traumatic stress disorder or with two or more current psychiatric disorders after the burn injury dropped out less often. Among subjects with psychiatric disorders before the burn injury, the increased risk for unemployment suggests the need for routine screening, tracking, and assistance in obtaining supportive or rehabilitative services to remove barriers to employment. This document is included in NCDDR's Guide to Substance Abuse and Disability Resources produced by NIDRR Grantees, Number D.51, and in 2nd Ed, number D.64.
Fauerbach, J. A.; Lawrence, J.; stevens, S.; Munster, A.
Author Address(es):

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