Evaluation and management of spastic gait in patients with traumatic brain injury

Short Title:
Evaluation and management of spastic gait in patients with traumatic brain injury
Model System:
TBI
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
J47926.
Journal:
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2004, vol. 19, issue 2, pp 109-118
Publication Website:
Abstract:
Article identifies and describes 6 patterns of motor dysfunction affecting lower limbs during gait in patients with traumatic brain injury: (1) flexed hip, (2) adducted hip, (3) stiff knee, (4) flexed knee, (5) equinovarus foot, and (6) hyperextended hallux. Treatment algorithms for these problems include identifications of the muscles that contribute to the deformity across a joint, the stage of patient recovery, and the clinical goals applicable to the patient. Dynamic electromyography was used to identify the voluntary and spastic characteristics of individual muscles and anesthetic nerve blocks were used to identify properties of stiffness and contractures in particular muscle groups.
Author(s):
Esquenazi, Alberto
Author Address(es):

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