Barriers to return to work after burn injuries.

Short Title:
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Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2007, vol. 88, issue 12 suppl 2, pp s50-56
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OBJECTIVE: To identify barriers to return to work after burn injury as identified by the patient. DESIGN: A cohort study with telephone interview up to 1 year. SETTING: Hospital-based burn centers at 3 national sites. PARTICIPANTS: Hospitalized patients (N=154) meeting the American Burn Association criteria for major burn injury, employed at least 20 hours a week at the time of injury, and with access to a telephone after discharge. INTERVENTION: Patients were contacted via telephone every 2 weeks up to 4 months, then monthly up to 1 year after discharge. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A return to work survey was used to identify barriers that prevented patients from returning to work. A graphic rating scale determined the impact of each barrier. RESULTS: By 1 year, 79.7% of patients returned to work. Physical and wound issues were barriers early after discharge. Although physical abilities continued to be a significant barrier up to 1 year, working conditions (temperature, humidity, safety) and psychosocial factors (nightmares, flashbacks, appearance concerns) became important issues in those with long-term disability. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of patients return to work after a burn injury. Although physical and work conditions are important barriers, psychosocial issues need to be evaluated and treated to optimize return to work.
Esselman, P.C.; Wiechman, S.A.; Carrougher, G.; Lezotte, D.; Holavanahalli, R.K.; Magyar-Russell, G.; Fauerbach, J.A.; Engrav, L.
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