Shoulder pain in chronic spinal cord injury, part I: Epidemiology, etiology, and pathomechanics

Short Title:
Shoulder pain in chronic spinal cord injury, part I: Epidemiology, etiology, and pathomechanics
Model System:
SCI
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
J47318.
Journal:
Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2004, vol. 27, issue 1, pp 4-17
Publication Website:
Abstract:
Article reviews research literature on the epidemiology, etiology, and pathomechanics of musculoskeletal shoulder pain in individuals with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). Findings indicate that shoulder pain is more common in people with tetraplegia and complete injuries and may occur more frequently in women. Musculoskeletal injuries are the most common cause of shoulder pain in chronic SCI, especially overuse injuries to the rotator cuff. Pathomechanic factors contributing to rotator cuff injury are multiple and often interrelated. Risk factors include the duration of injury, older age, higher body mass index, the use of a manual wheelchair, poor seated posture, decreased flexibility, and muscle imbalances in the rotator cuff and scapular stabilizing muscles.
Author(s):
Dyson-Hudson, Trevor A.; Kirshblum, Steve C.
Author Address(es):

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