Return to driving within 5 years of moderate-severe traumatic brain injury

Short Title:
Model System:
TBI
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
Journal:
Brain Injury
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2010, vol. 24, issue , pp 464-471
Publication Website:
Abstract:
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To examine return to driving and variables associated with that activity in a longitudinal database.<br /><br /> RESEARCH DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a large, national database.<br /><br /> METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The sample was comprised of people with predominantly moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) enrolled in the TBI Model System national database at 16 centres and followed at 1 (n = 5942), 2 (n = 4628) and 5 (n = 2324) years after injury.<br /><br /> MAIN OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: Respondents were classified as driving or not driving at each follow-up interval. Five years after injury, half the sample had returned to driving. Those with less severe injuries were quicker to return to driving, but, by 5 years, severity was not a factor. Those who were driving expressed a higher life satisfaction. Functional status at rehabilitation discharge, age at injury, race, pre-injury residence, pre-injury employment status and education level were associated with the odds of a person driving.<br /><br /> CONCLUSIONS: Half of those with a moderate-severe TBI return to driving within 5 years and most of those within 1 year of injury. Driving is associated with increased life satisfaction. There are multiple factors that contribute to return to driving that do not relate to actual driving ability.
Author(s):
Novack, T. A.; Labbe, D.; Grote, M.; Carlson, N.; Sherer, M.; Arango-Lasprilla, J. C.; Bushnik, T.; Cifu, D.; Powell, J. M.; Ripley. D.; Seel, R. T.
Author Address(es):

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