Classification schema of post-traumatic amnesia duration-based injury severity relative to one-year outcome: Analysis of individuals with moderate and severe traumatic brain injury

Short Title:
Model System:
Reference Type:
Journal Article
Accession No.:
Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Year, Volume, Issue, Page(s):
2009, vol. 90, issue , pp 17-19
Publication Website:
injury (TBI) severity according to posttraumatic amnesia (PTA) duration, designating “greater than 7 days” as the most severe. PTA durations of more than 7 days are common in neurorehabilitation populations. Moreover, no study has derived a PTA severity schema anchored to late outcome. The purpose of this study was to develop a PTA severity classification schema. Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: Rehabilitation hospital. Participants: Sample included TBI Model System participants (N 280) with known or imputed PTA duration during acute hospitalization and 1-year productivity status. Participants were primarily male (70%), median age of 27 years; and the most common mechanism of injury was motor vehicle collisions (79%). For study purposes, 4 injury severity groups were identified by observing differences in productivity associated with different PTA durations. Interventions: None. Main Outcome Measure: Productivity status at 1 year postinjury. Results: Fisher exact test comparisons revealed significant differences among 3 of the groups. Most individuals with PTA fewer than 14 days had favorable 1-year outcome (68% productive), whereas worse outcomes were associated with PTA more than 28 days (18% productive). Conclusions: If validated by other investigators, the proposed schema will be useful in determining prognosis for late functional status based on PTA duration.
Nakase-Richardson, R.; Sepehri, A.; Sherer, M.; Yablon, S.; Evans, C.; Mani, T.
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